To create a Purchase Ledger,
Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounts Info. > Ledgers > Create
Enter the Name of the purchase ledger you wish to create, for e.g., Purchases @ 4%.
Select Purchase Accounts as the group name in the Under field.
Set Inventory values are affected to Yes.
In Type of Ledger field select Not Applicable
Note:The purchase on which discounts are allowed can be accounted in the books of accounts in 2 ways
1. Account Purchase and Discount Separately
2. Account the Net Purchase after deducting discount
Some of the Sates in India are following the system of accounting Net Purchases after discounts. To meet this requirement and to show the Net Group Balance (Purchases - Discount) the Type of Ledger option has been provided in ledgers grouped under Purchases Accounts.
If a purchase ledger to be used as a Discount Ledger, in Type of Ledger field select the option Discount.
Set the option Used In VAT Returns to Yes to display the default VAT/Tax Class sub screen.
Select the required VAT/Tax Class, for e.g., Purchases @ 4%.
Press Enter to Accept and save.
Similarly you can create Purchases @ 12.5% and Purchases @ 1%
Note: It is recommended to create separate Purchase ledgers with appropriate VAT classification for different rates of VAT. However, Tally.ERP9 provides you the flexibility to use a common Purchase ledger for different rates, by selecting VAT classification as Not Applicable and allows selection of required classification from the list of VAT/Tax Class while recording a transaction.